Latin America

Latin America or Latin America (Latin America in Portuguese or Amérique latine in French) is an ethnic-geographical concept appeared in France in the nineteenth century to identify a region of the Americas in Spanish and Portuguese as official or majority languages, it also includes the territories or French-speaking countries. The exact definit...

Latin America or Latin America (Latin America in Portuguese or Amérique latine in French) is an ethnic-geographical concept appeared in France in the nineteenth century to identify a region of the Americas in Spanish and Portuguese as official or majority languages, it also includes the territories or French-speaking countries. The exact definition of the region varies widely. In all cases, groups Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela.

including Belize, the French-speaking region of Canada, speaking states and US possessions especially Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands of the United States, and French possessions in America (Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, St. Barthelemy is debated and San Martin). Of the three languages ​​that define Latin American, Spanish and Portuguese are the predominant, being French as the language of only 3% of the population in the region. Derived from the term has been extended Latin adjective to refer to people of Hispanic descent or culture.

The region comprises more than twenty million square kilometers, roughly corresponding to 13.5% of the land surface of the planet. By extension, Latin America has a great geographic and biological diversity. It contains virtually all climates in the world and is home to numerous animal and plant species. It also has some of the world's largest rivers and important food, energy and minerals, most notably its oil, copper, lithium and silver resources. The "Latin America" ​​concept has been questioned by many scholars as Eurocentric and movements due to the exclusion that it makes a lot of languages ​​and ethnicities, including those of indigenous peoples and African majority in several countries and regions call Latin America.

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  • Argentina

    Argentina, its name means silver, known as one of the most cosmopolitan and multifaceted country with great universal influence in South America, huge with ground covered Andes mountains, glacial lakes and Pampas plains, known for the tango, meat cow, patagonia and football is the world's eighth largest country. the highest and the lowest points of South America are, it is the second in South America after Brazil in size and population, is the highest peak in the world outside Asia. It has several sites declared by UNESCO World Heritage of humanity
    Its main attractions are: Quebrada de Humahuaca, Train to the Clouds, Iguazu Falls, Cerro Aconcagua, called the "Roof of America" Ruta de los Siete Lagos, Perito Moreno Glacier,
    Iguazu National Park

  • Brazil

    Brazil, its name comes from tropical brasil tree, typical of the country, is the world's fifth largest country, the giant of South America and Latin America, symbolized by the statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado reaching Mt. 38m, is famous for its lively Copacabana and Ipanema beaches, as well as its huge carnival in Rio de Janeiro with a parade of floats, extravagant costumes and samba. One of the most fascinating places in the world, dazzling white beaches, pristine and wild tropical forests.
    Its main attractions are: Iguassu Falls, El Cristo Redentor, Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Valley Vineyards and the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, Sugar Loaf, Art Museum of Sao Pulo .

  • Chile

    Chile, its name means end of the world, it is the nature on a colossal scale, country of startling contrasts and extreme beauty, with attractions ranging from the towering volcanic peaks of the Andes to the ancient forests of the Lake District. There are plenty of good parks and plenty of opportunities for adventure tourism. Chile is famous for the location of the Torres del Paine, considered by many as the best nature travel destinations in all of South America, with great day and night life. Has Valparaiso City, known as the jewel of the Pacific, a World Heritage Site by Unesco. important country in the wine harvest
    Its main attractions are: Lauca National Park, Pucon, Valle de Luna, Easter Island Declared by UNESCO World Heritage, Wine Route

  • Colombia

    Colombia is named in honor of Christopher Columbus, it has great beaches, mysterious forests, deserts, mountains and many places more restful, relaxation, contemplation or adventure, ecologically is considered one of the 17 mega-diverse countries world, is a middle power with the fourth largest economy in Latin America for what is considered the second most biodiverse country in the world leaving only behind Brazil and the first bird species has the Grand Nobel Prize in literature Gabriel Garcia Marquez Its main attractions are:

    Gabriel Garcia Marquez Cultural Center, the Gold Museum, El Cerro Monserrate, Tayrona National Park, Barranquilla, Chicamocha Canyon, The city of Cartagena.

  • Mexico

    Mexico, its original name as "growing between the rocks," Navel of the Moon ", or put another way," Moon Lake Center "is the fifth largest country in the Americas and the largest independent nation number 13 in the world, has one of the largest economies in the world, ranked 10th as the largest producer of oil and silver producer in the world, located at the top of sites declared world Heritage by UNESCO the Americas, Mexico City is the oldest American metropolis
    With a diverse landscape of mountains, deserts and forests, ancient ruins, holiday fireworks and anguish of Frida
    Its main attractions are: His Metropolitan Cathedral, the National Museum of Anthropology, National Museum of Art and the National Museum of History, Cancun, Acapulco, Los Cabos, Frida Kahlo Museum, the Citadel and the Temple of the Feathered Serpent, the Calzada de los Muertos, Pyramid of the Sun and Moon.

  • Puerto Rico

    Puerto Rico, its original name as La Isla del Encanto, named La Perla del Caribe, unincorporated territory of the United States with a landscape of green mountains, waterfalls and rainforest. It is known for its white sand beaches and coral reefs, popular for diving, surfing and sailing.
    In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the rich history of Puerto Rico, warm tropical climate, diverse natural landscape, famous traditional cuisine and attractive tax incentives make it a popular destination for tourists, academics and business visitors offering countless cultural experiences, nightlife, adventure, culture, beautiful country full of places to visit and marvel. Its natural attractions delight all over the world and position it as one of the most popular and recommended Caribbean destinations.
    Its main attractions are: Camuy Caves, El Yunque National Forest, Mayaguez Zoo, Museo de Arte de Ponce, El Viejo San Juan, Playa El Paraiso.

  • The Dominican Republic

    The Dominican Republic, its name comes from Santo Domingo de Guzman, founder of the Dominican order, is the second largest country in the Caribbean after Cuba, Caribbean country known for its pristine beaches, golf hotels and golf, has an area varied comprising the jungle, savannah and highlands, it has the highest mountain, the lowest point in the level of the sea is concerned and the Caribbean's largest lake, is the birthplace of merengue despite not cause the same there.
    It has the ninth largest economy in Latin America and the second in Central America and the Caribbean is the most visited Caribbean destination for its museums, bars and fun.
    Its main attractions are: Independence Park, National Botanic Gardens, Mirador Sur Park, caves Los Tres Ojos, Primate Cathedral of America, Alcazar de Colon, Pico Duarte

  • Venezuela

    Venezuela, its name comes from Little Venice for its cabanas built on marshy waters, it is one of the countries with the longest history in Latin America, is one of the 10 countries with the greatest biodiversity on the planet and is one of the first Spanish colonies in declare independence. Has the largest oil reserves in the world, becoming one of the world's leading exporter, has the world's sixth largest national park and start the Cordillera de Los Andes The city of Coro, Canaima National Park and the University City of Caracas were declared by UNESCO World Heritage, Its main attractions are: Canaima National Park, Morroco and National Park Mochima National Park is now a reserve for the Yanomami tribe in the country, the archipelago Los Roques, argaritas Islands birthplace Simon Bolivar, Caracas Cathedral and the Church of San Francisco de Asis.